Document Type : Review Article
Department of Computer Engineering, Modeling, Electronics and Systems (DIMES), University of Calabria, Italy
The fast growth of Internet of Things (IoT) has created unprecedented opportunities for innovation and connectivity across a wide range of domains. With this exponential expansion, however, comes an urgent need to address the security challenges in IoT networks. This paper addresses IoT security standards, concentrating on the protocols, guidelines, and best practices created by prominent standardization groups. We study the standard role in developing the IoT ecosystem, emphasizing the relevance of interoperability, privacy, and ethical considerations. We examine significant standards developed by organizations such as the IEEE Standards Association, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). This paper also discusses shortcomings, and future prospects of IoT security standards. We contribute to a better understanding of the efforts being made to fortify the IoT against growing security threats and emphasizes the importance of an interdisciplinary approach that considers not only technological concerns but also privacy, ethical, and societal ramifications.